El 5 de marzo de 2013 se destaparon muchas botellas en Washington, Londres, Madrid y Frankfurt para brindar por el fin de la “pesadilla chavista”. Mientras los cerros de Caracas lloraban la muerte del presidente Hugo Chávez Frías, los centros de poder global celebraban, convencidos que su desaparición física llevaría, inevitablemente, a la fragmentación del campo bolivariano. Insistían en que el cambio que había ocurrido en Venezuela desde 1999, sólo se explicaba por el “caudillismo” de su líder. Pero sin Chávez, todo el andamiaje de la revolución se derrumbaría en cuestión de días y ningún otro dirigente bolivariano podría asumir un liderazgo capaz de dar continuidad al proceso. Sin Chávez, repetían, moría el chavismo. Ignoraban que Chávez pertenece al linaje de los libertadores de América Latina, que en el último siglo ha producido líderes excepcionales como Sandino, Fidel Castro, Che Guevara o Salvador Allende. Como ellos, Chávez hizo suyas las banderas de los próceres de la primera -y frustrada- independencia de la Patria Latinoamericana y las convirtió en un proyecto político de unidad e integración continental cuya punta de lanza es la justicia social y el antiimperialismo.
Although it has neglected, the Venezuelan cinema has its history. Since its early years, has resembled more a film made on the European continent and has filmed with American cameras. This dichotomy has served to express others: the dichotomy that is this walking and changing society and that us is constantly displayed on the big screen.
Many times it is not appreciated as it should be. National cinema is full of great works that have been overlooked over the years.
You have had, like everything else, their times in decline, but also its great masters. Among them, the screenwriter and actor José Ignacio Cabrujas, which clearly showed an age of the country, almost always directed by Román Chalbaud.
Today we leave 10 Venezuelan films recommended by projectfreetv-one of the best streaming channel to Watch Movies Online that you just have to see if you want to know the filmico-cultural history of this country.
The film, from the vision of ALberto Lamata, is about the history of the conquest of the Americas by the Spanish.
Fray Santiago, a Spanish priest, is counting the history is.
The priest is one of the conquistadors who joins the crusade toevangelize the Indians who inhabited the territory that is today Venezuela at the beginning of the 16th century.
The contrast will be “the German”, a surly Conqueror and despot who for above the Indian sees and outrages without any brake.
It is a reflection of historical from the “origins” of the continent and, thanks to the metonymy of the country.
Eduardo Arias-Nath not only directed this film, but he was also responsible of the script and the production of the same.
In the film they are counted parallel and fragmented stories that will be bringing through two characters.
In the end, all the stories confluirán in one.
It is a great cinematic achievement in Venezuelan by use of this resource. He not only manages to captivate the Viewer, but it also confuses him in the game itself that is the film.
It is a artistic and stylistic gain for this list.
Not only who, is a silent and vengeful character even with everything against it, do not hesitate to carry out their desires and that is embodied by Miguel Angel Landa, but that, as you can be expected from a screenplay by Cabrujas, Venezuelan society has on several occasions.
Both as a whole, in all their differences. A society that here is one thing, and that becomes a few blocks beyond another.
In addition, underscores something very important: No matter what so neat you are today, but how many times you dares to roll you in the shit.
A piece of indispensable national cinema, like the tripod which generates it: Cabrujas, Chalbaud and Landa.
Caracas is in other years, Caracas is another: dangerous, fleeting and unpredictable. A city in which anything can happen and in which everything happens.
A couple will be faced with a heavy situation source of negligence.
Deception and adventure does not converge as well in a hostile city.
It’s a night where many stories: it is the night of February 4, 1992, and 5 dawn strike.
Against the coup given by Chavez on this date is that Cabrujas will make a voracious criticism: both the existing democracy and the adventures with saving claims.
For those who want to follow the history of the Venezuelan cinema, it is a piece that can not be overlooked. As for whoever seeks a better understanding of this society prior to Chavez.
Cabrujas is a synonym of venezolanismo: of obscenity and embarrassment that come together in the venezolanidad.
No talks about the history of the country, it is not the reflection of a society: is entertainment. But it also is a representative of the national cinema.
We represented in several festivals and won prizes in several of these.
It is a piece that must be seen to notice until where can you get our cinema, to feel proud (and scared) of it.
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His father does not want to get out of there and his life becomes him an uncomfortable waiting for the return of her mother.
One day, tired of waiting, will come himself to look for her, and to continue many times will have to resort to lying.
It is, without doubt, an interesting combination of elements.Much criticized in its verisimilitude, but despite this it is an excellent piece of national cinema.
The fish that smokes is a bar/brothel in the low-lying areas of Caracas. In the confluence of several stories and characters.
The bar is managed by its owner, La Garza, who has a lover who is in charge of spending all the money that it gives.
Dimas is “its own Pimp”. But not everything lasts forever. Someone younger and more useful that will go deeper into this world of the fish smoking will soon.
Dimas, the man, will be supplanted by Jairo, an improved version of it.
It is not a simple social conflict, but that it adds also a conflict of identity.
Junior is nine years, a mother who spends all day working, a little sister who steals all the attention that his mother can spend, a grandmother who longs for a granddaughter and bad hair.
Junior wants to be beautiful. In addition, longs for the love of his mother.
In your search for physical well-being, Junior makes everything for alizarse hair.
All this takes place in a complicated and multiple stage. The story unfolds in the January 23, Caracas blocks.
Directed by Mariana Rondón is one of the greatest works of the last years of the Venezuelan cinema (i.e. not the largest).
“Cinema is dreamy, is music. ” There is no art form that goes beyond ordinary consciousness as does the film, directly to our emotions, the penumbroso site of the soul”.
The perfume and cosmetics industry in Europe is committed to innovation and employs 25,000 scientists, because every year 25% of the products on the market is reformulated, as indicated by the president of Cosmetics Europe, Loïc Armand.
“Innovation is one of the main keys to this sector. In Europe alone working for this industry around 25,000 scientists. Every year 25% of the products on the market is reformulated. In addition, annually at least 10% products incorporate new ingredients and molecules, “said Armand, who insisted on the” high value “provided by the sector to the economy, not to mention the relevance of its products” in the life of the people. “
Specifically, the president of Cosmetics Europe made the remarks during the celebration of the general assembly of Stanpa, the National Association of Perfumery and Cosmetics, in which the main results of 2014 were reviewed by the organization lift x original.
Loïc Armand, who has developed his career for 31 years as a senior manager of the group L’Oreal on three continents and has been president of the French subsidiary the last five, shared his views on the current challenges of the European organization and the main strengths of this sector at European level.
He stressed that the European cosmetics industry is worldwide leader, with a market of 70,000 million euros, virtually the same as adding up markets in the United States and Japan, and generates 1.7 million direct jobs in the continent.
Regarding Stanpa, Armand said it is one of the most important industry associations in Europe, and recalled that the Director General of the Spanish organization, Val Díez, has one of the vice chairs of Cosmetics Europe, which represents 5,000 companies throughout Europe.
In addition, the meeting data for the year 2014 in the sector of perfumery and Spanish cosmetic closed with a more than 3,000 million euros record exports, which lets you string together a cumulative growth of 50% in the past were reviewed 5 years.
Spain is in sixth place as a world exporter of perfumes and cosmetics and fifth EU market, with a presence in more than 150 markets.
As for the internal market, the data show that has softened the negative trend of recent years. Consumption in 2014 amounted to 6,350 million euros, a fact that has enabled the sector to adopt an “optimistic” attitude of confidence in a future recovery in consumption in Spain.
There is no definitive text on the EU, but instead stand several books huge shaft
Unlike The Jungle Book, the Bible of the Jewish people or the great study of The Capital there is nothing like “The Book” of Europe , which embrace everything and contain all the answers to our questions incensantes. Shame on these pre – election days when we looked anxious, brief and final synthesis, the clear key, a text mode tabernacle. And for greater difficulty, existing, or Europe, the European Union , is a recent invention, labor fullness -even does not reach the sixties and autoconstructivo frenzy. So dive into it is more complicated than other exercises, but also more exciting, and if the fear of God is overcome, more pleasant. Because under the (inevitable) late adventure technicalities of a society, the European, which has decided not to make more cainitas crazy and bet on the fullness of the great shared projects.The six books of European affairs – and the others described here, underlined as wise maps, dancing on the shelves, get together, are separated and grouped according tosurface questions, surprises, omens. They are companion books. Strongly recommended.
Jean Monnet is the true architect of Community Europe, which invented. HisMemoirs realize his personal temple. And the paths and ways of their peers, Woodrow Wilson, Franklin Roosevelt and John Kennedy Winston Churchill, Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer. He worked with all of them, under the plan of joint Europe, combining specific interests and pooling responses. Its north was toovercome the classic stage of international coordination to start with small concrete steps, merging sovereignties. He served more technical (apparent) than political. The most exciting book, elegant and sober as touches a good French / cosmopolitan bourgeois, is the radiograph of the original Community method, which has resisted more than half a century.
To know where we come, the best is this history. It reads like an easy story, because it is built and neatly documented, not pushy. It is an account of the EU (there are many, and good), but something more. It is a diplomatic chronicle, but the fast – paced sequence of dramas of Europeans since 1945 (and before) until the eve of the current economic crisis. Its base material are the facts and the roles of politics and economy, but also social avatars, feelings and human anguish. Brilliantly breaks the boundaries between countries, cultures and between blocks, the Western and Soviet. Discover corners, gives importance to details, surprised. A but: look too British about European integration. As if only governments thing.
There are many good books on the euro, and its crisis. Among the historical andjournalistic investigations about his difficult birth this report emphasizes the British journalist David Marsh, a classic.The author expresses his experience when covered the main facts. Collect all sorts of contemporary texts from various sources. And they add testimonies and confidences of the protagonists made in interviews held much later: almost all the leaders go through their confessional.Thus, the course is very complete. To highlight the confidences of the leaders of the Bundesbank (to which he devoted another book), outlining the tension between political leaders and central bankers. Unmatched until recent study by Harold James,Making the monetary union .
Among the best pamphlets, teacher Munich looks great attractions. activist and critic, Europeanist pour point of view of an intellectual of the main European state, but nothing patriot. Severo with European economic policy led by Berlin, Ulrick Beck dissects European fragmentation caused by the Great Recession, the euro crisis and the resultant worse, the loss of confidence of broad sectors in the joint project. Debela drift that threatens to transmute the European Germany in a German Europe, threatening the main foundations of European society. Hypothesize solutions to establish a new social contract social democratic roots, accelerate the transnational nature of European politics and increase democratic density of the invention.
The European Union is not a nation-state or a confederation of states. Why it is a difficult political construction of understanding. Its institutional framework does not replicate any known model. It is an original invention. In construction. How do I unravel? A suggestive approach is Professor Aldecoa. Although focused on the process of drafting the Constitution (more than today, the The Europe that is: the Treaty of Lisbon , Marcial Pons, 2010, Mercedes Guinea) describes well the asymmetric EU federalism and multilevel governance, innovations reforms of the treaties, the contrast between the Community method and the intergovernmental, the social model, foreign policy, the effect discussed the Franco-German axis … a good guide to navigate the maze.
On the market many current texts on the euro crisis, just overcome. Also by Spanish authors. As the didactic dialogue between Josep Borrell and Andreu Missé, Euro crisis(Turpial, 2011); the concrete analysis of Bernardo de Miguel, What’s going on ? (Deusto, 2011), or lucid passages on the single currency of a general book, The next two recessions(Deusto, 2012), Juan Ignacio Crespo.
Older but valid to follow its genesis, of Emilio Ontiveros and Francisco José Valero: EMU into question (Ediciones Encuentro, 1996). And the passionate and very technical teacher Manuel Sanchis Valencian i Marco, The economics of the monetary union and the eurozone crisis , (Springer, 2014).
An integrated approach to time and critical is the former director of Bruegel, Jean Pisani-Ferry, in his bright Awakening of demons (editor Antoni Bosch, 2012). In similar vein, the great university manual and somewhat more than that of Paul de Grauwe, Economics of Monetary Union (Oxford, 2009).
Worked and entertaining story is that of journalist Arnaud Leparmentier in Ces français, Fossoyeurs de l’euro (Plon, 2013) and the Franco – German couple Jean Quatremer and Thomas Klau in Ces hommes qui ont fait l’euro (Plon, 1999).
The Anglo copious production on the foreign currency, less academic and more readable, but always solid, the recent study by Harold James, Making the european monetary union ( Harvard University Press, 2012), and the classic Nobel Charles P. Kindleberger ,financial History of Europe (Critical, 2011). In the legal field , in addition to Francisco Aldecoa, Araceli Mangas and all the fertile tribe of the Spanish internationalists, it is essential Jean-Claude Piris: The Lisbon Treaty (Cambridge, 2010).
You looks set, multidisciplinary and convenient for the fainthearted: the Loukas Tsoukalis, What Europe do we want? ( Polity Press, 2004), and the American Jeremy Rifkin , The European Dream (Polity Press, 2004). Or the British euroentusiasta Mark Leonard, Why Europe will run the XXI century (Taurus, 2005), and José Ignacio Torreblanca eurorrebelde, fragmentation of European power (Icaria, 2011).
Among the testimonies of the Spanish protagonists highlights of Felipe González (Myidea of Europe , RBA, 2010), Marcelino Oreja (memory and hope, The Sphere Books, 2011), Raimundo Bassols (Spain in Europe, Foreign Policy, 1995 ) and Enrique Baron(More Europe, united! , RBA, 2012).
Europhobic, Thatcherite, acerbic counterpoint. But clever and interesting: Bernard Connolly, The Rotten Heart of Europe (Faber & Faber, 1996).
The website was created by clicweb hébergement web to provide an update on the crisis in Venezuela information.
Montreal Festival awards the Glauber Rocha Award for Best Latin American Film at The longer distance, the debut feature by Claudia Pinto. Two weeks later, the San Sebastian Film Festival awards the Golden Shell for bad Hair,Mariana Rondón. Both are among the ten most important festivals in the world, and both have given to movies directed by Venezuelan directors paths. Something good must be happening with film in Venezuela, particularly with the National Autonomous Cinematography Center (CNAC), which promotes and finances independent cinema of that country, so that today you are talking and looking forward -or truth The longest distance and bad hair worldwide. The writer tells Fedosy Santaella from Caracas the reasons for this success, and since, also reviews the recent history of a film that deserves to be known thoroughly.
It has been being talked a lot these days at the Venezuelan cinema. Their presence and optimum performance festivals have given greater exposure. However, all the Venezuelan film come from? Is it a random, circumstantial explosion? Perhaps, going back a little, we can know their origins, evolution, and understand where you are headed.
Cinema as a presence in Venezuela since the late nineteenth century. In 1896, just a year after the exhibition of the Lumiere project in the city of Maracaibo entitled filmic scenes pulling teeth Renowned specialist in the Grand Hotel Europe and boys bathing in the lagoon of Maracaibo. The sound comes in years still in 1930. The company’s flagship day Bolivar Films was founded in the forties. In 1951, the film La Balandra Isabel arrived this afternoon, Carlos Hugo Christensen, won the award for best picture at the Cannes Film Festival. In 59, the documentary Araya, by Margot Benacerraf and published by projectfreetv calendar, get the Critics Prize at the same festival. But let’s say the real start of Venezuelan film takes place in the seventies.
The cinema of those years, called ‘New Venezuelan cinema’, had a strong sense of social thought. Not surprisingly, armed struggle found its time during the sixties and spread a little longer until the presidency of Rafael Caldera in 1969. Nor were far other social movements also cut as the ‘Free Cinema’ British, the ‘Cinema novo ‘Brazil, or the same and closer in time’ New Hollywood ‘, represented by such figures as Martin Scorsese, Francis Ford Coppola, Robert Altman and Woody Allen, among others.
They were years of a strong presence of films made at home, and a lot of those movies they met the good taste of the box office. The point is that there was money.Oil was rising (in fact, lived in Venezuela called Arabia) and from government agencies emerged interesting initiatives. During the first presidential term of Carlos Andrés Pérez resolution 5776 which allowed the marketing of domestic films was created. Also in 1974, the Venezuelan Federation of Film Culture Centers (FEVEC) was formed, and in 1975 an agreement between Corpoindustria and Corpoturismo was established to finance films. This political patronage tapes emerged asWhen I mourn not cry (1976), Maurice Wallerstein, I am a criminal (also corresponding to 76) of Clemente de la Cerda, girl good presence is requested and motorized with own bike (1977) , Alfredo Anzola, The Smoking Fish (also 77), Roman Chalbaud or portable Country (1979) of Ivan Feo. The filmmakers then had the need for the country, the film was linked to the episteme who cared, looked and put in view of all the most vulnerable or marginalized sector of society. Crime, poverty, prostitution, social crisis made the film work a chronic, moral, political. That way of doing left a remarkable stamp on future production lasted for a couple of decades.
The film library that globalization offers translates into a wide film culture for all image maker
In the eighties suffers called “black Friday”, a deep economic crisis lives. However, some people claim that against the national cinema was a plot, that given that exceeded box office come from outside, ruin planned. Yet cinema was a lot. In fact, production in 1980 was such that I gave for the Mérida Film Festival, which continues to this day honorably.In 1981, President Luis Herrera Campins created the Film Development Fund (FONCINE), an organization that three years later allocated 29 million bolivars for filmmaking. Is the time of documentary Ledezma, the Mamera case (1981), Luis Correa, passionate film that investigated the killings by the police Argenis Ledezma and prompting its director jail on charges of incitement to crime; of The Wedding (1982) of Thaelman Urgelles, a film that portrays the transition from democracy to dictatorship in the late fifties, and which won the Ecumenical Jury Prize at Locarno; also of Crab (1982), Roman Chalbaud; of Wrongful Death (1984), Cesar Bolivar; of shrimp cocktail on the day of the secretary (1984), another comedy Alfredo Anzola, and Macu, the woman police (1987), Solveig Hoogesteijn which also is a passionate murder by a policeman, among many others.
In the nineties we Shoot to Kill (1991) of Carlos Azpúrua, who insists (almost three decades later) in the legacy of cinema of the seventies, and which won the Best Film Award in Huelva. But on the other hand, we also see some new explorations. It is, for example, Jericho (also 91), by Luis Alberto Lamata, which presents the history of spiritual delirium of a Dominican friar of the XVI century following his trip to America ends up living for five years with a Caribbean tribe. Jerichowon the Opera Prima Award in Biarritz and the Special Jury Prize at Cartagena. It should be to note that since 1983 had shown his Rísquez Diego Bolivar, tropikal symphony, highly experimental, even symbolic, dreamlike film.1985 also debutsOriana, Fina Torres, seeking other, not urban, but rural, not violent, but delicate, more feminine theme paths.Until then, with Oriana and Araya, the national film gets its two most prominent international awards: Araya, already mentioned, that of criticism in Cannes in 1959, andOriana, the Caméra d’Or at Cannes in 1985 also.
The nineties are the years of Tender Is the Night, Leonardo Henriquez; of Hits on my door (1993), Alexander Saderman; A life and two errands (1996) of Carlos Arvelo; ofHuelepega, Elia Schneider. In order to tackle the budget crisis the so-called G3, producer group Colombia, Mexico and Venezuela, he sought collaboration of financing and conducting, distributing costs for each country was created. From there emerged, for example, Besame Mucho, Philipe Toledano.
The National Autonomous Cinematography Center (CNAC), created in 1994, has been funding independent projects to date
Do not make the mistake of saying that everything in the Venezuelan film was about criminals and prostitutes. The exhibition presented in this essay speaks of a more or less interesting thematic variety. However, it is undeniable that prevailed for a long time, a marked tendency to cut social undoubtedly led to a glut in the public. Films of questionable quality also occurred outside the perimeter of thought, by the properties of the experimental and the “poetic”. Still, more love and pride that is at national, it is inevitable to note that among the Venezuelan public has not been a positive perception towards their film. This is a reality and should be really foolhardy to deny.
However, in recent years this perception has changed. This rally that puts into perspective a new material I partly due to the Cinema Act, enacted in 2005 by the government of Hugo Chavez, reinforcing the presence of a body such as the National Autonomous Cinematography Center (CNAC), created in 1994 and which has been funding independent projects to date. The private sector and other nongovernmental organizations have been equally interested in giving their monetary contribution to add to the pot accounting required a movie, and it’s always been for scratches here and there both public entities and private-something that occurs in all parts of the world than Hollywood.
What is certain is that the cinema of these years perhaps looking to attract more public attention; entertain and have delicacy, gender working even venturing into areas that were alien to him as the romantic comedy, sports and even terror and the epic. There is I like(2008), directed by Ralph Kinnard, a romantic comedy that also moves between pots and pans, food being a bit too common theme in the Venezuelan cinema. We on the other hand with The House at the End of Time (2013), Alejandro Hidalgo, which explores the theme of thriller and supernatural terror. The film seeks to approach the format of Hollywood, but also takes inspiration from a film authorial no less successful as the European Court of Alejandro Amenabar. The sport is mixed with the social issue of the marginal life of Venezuelan neighborhoods, but in a tone less oil and less angry at Brother (2010), film directed by Marcel Rasquin which won Best Film at the Film Festival in Moscow . Two films about Bolívar (both support CNAC), Liberation (2013), Alberto Arvelo, and Bolivar, the man of difficulties (also 2013), by Luis Alberto Lamata, bring that epic touch to large production Hollywood had not seen so far. Even Libertador, produced by Venezuela and Spain, is played by the actor Edgar Ramirez, who has gone so well for the grounds of the American cinema.
A small cinema and moving stories, where people work hard in acting and scripts
On the other hand, a film like Pure gems (2007), Cesar Oropeza, cinema connects with bandits and sophisticated at the same time violent, which has its references in directors like Coppola, Tarantino, Scorsese and Soderbergh. The film appeals to the bizarre elegance of the characters and the scenery of beauty contest, but while looking fit the national adjective, the Caribbean joke, cunning and, of course, the issue of Venezuelan beauty. Prior to Pure gems is Kidnapping Express (2005), by Jonathan Jakubowicz, the story of a young bourgeois couple Caracas kidnapped for a few hours for three petty criminals. Here crime is stripped of sophistication kitsch and works on purpose, an aesthetic rather hip hop and vulgar, and, more abject groveling history, yet it is very pop in their eyes, and less stuffy, why not , explicit ideology.
The Venezuelan film these days is to research in other ways and other stories. Not only, as was said, is a need for more flexible and digestible stories, but also to deliver a quality product developer and sound under the scheme of international standards. New filmmakers, of course, have the technology at their fingertips. Today it is easy to get a digital camera, and many editing tools are personal computers, which accelerates the formation of the filmmakers. Not counting the film library there that globalization offers, which translates into a wide film culture for everyone image maker. Short stories, great stories of the world are counting.
There are The longest distance (2013), Claudia Pinto, and bad hair (also 2013), Mariana Rondon, films certainly are conceived within current trends in international cinema, not just Hollywood. A small cinema and moving stories, where people work with dedication in acting and the scripts. In fact, the longest distance won the Glauber Rocha Award for Best Latin American Film Festival in Montreal, and bad hair, the Golden Shell at the San Sebastian Festival. Like the works of Zhang Yimou small bill (think of Not One Less or Riding Alone for Thousands of Miles ), so dear to the festival circuit, the film by Claudia Pinto as structuring element has a poignant journey. There, a child who lost his mother because of urban violence begins the journey to a mystical search of her dying grandmother mountain, which leads us to also think about the dual field-city that dominates the literary work Venezuelan Romulo Gallegos.
Say the real start of Venezuelan film takes place in the seventies
Bad hair, with sponsorship of CNAC, is the third feature by Mariana Rondón and tells the story of a nine-year-old Junior, carrying a cavalier afro hair (“bad hair” as they say in Venezuela). Junior wants to straighten their hair for picture day at school, but also loves to sing and dance. His mother, under these circumstances, you suspect your child may become homosexual and full of fear, trying to change his mind. No doubt, though subtly, the film is a plea against intolerance. Of course, the reactions for and against have come and gone. Even, as is de rigueur, those arising within the same country, who do not agree with the award, arguing that there were other better films. There is everything in the vineyard of the Lord, and all, of course, have a say on their tastes and colors and their likes and dislikes. What is certain is that films like Pinto and Rondon (just to name these last two) contribute to put the name of Venezuela on the table in art and, fortunately, beyond the political scene.
The Venezuelan film has thus put into perspective within the group of Latin American cinema, which is said has a very good health these days. That Venezuela is there at the time, occupying the front rows, it is a good sign. I do not know if the native cinema has an increasingly promising future or whether it goes towards creating a necessary industry, but, as I intend to show with this work, it should be clear that the results that can be seen today do not come from the nothing. There is an evolution of Venezuelan film, with its ups and downs, with also other important international awards, with valuable contributions that reflect intelligence, dedication and passion. These developments, earnest undoubtedly yields the pleasing result that the Venezuelan cinema enjoys today.
Fedosy Santaella is a Venezuelan writer and journalist, author of books of short stories as “Postcards sub sole ‘,’ Moonstones ‘or’ How to read this book ‘, and the novels’ Rocanegras ‘and’ The unpublished adventures of Teofilus Jones’. Bachelor of Arts from the Central University of Venezuela, is also a university professor.
“Piranhas” are terrorizing the women of Maracaibo and are not just fish but thieves armed with pruning shears ‘ devouring ‘ hair to sell it later to hairdressers by up to 2,000 bolivars (about 200 euros to official rate) to make extensions.
Francis Medina, a merchant saved run out her long hair with twist curls. According to told the young man to the magazine Panorama, he felt how a person played you the hair in a Las Playitas market Hall, when his «salvador» began to make him sign. «The guy hugged me because ‘Piranha’ came with scissors to cut my hair. People of the Hall started to defend myself and ‘Piranha’ was running in the middle of the riot. Then he learned that in the second largest city in Venezuela it stolen to the hair.
Mariana Rodríguez told Globovision that he walked by a popular shopping centre when two women approached him. “I thought they were going to steal my cell phone, because he wore it all the time in hand, but they took a pair of scissors. Not got the opportunity to think, run or anything. When I realized, I had no hair”, he said.
The employee of a shop in the center of Maracaibo was beaten while trying to resist that three ‘Piranha’ was cut her hair on his way home after finishing their working day. «As you might wanted to avoid aggression, but these criminals, these ‘Piranha’, hit it hard», tells a friend in Santa . The assistance of two passers-by avoided major damage.
The thieves of hair tend to act between the 6.00 and the 7.30 hours in the morning and in the afternoon, after the closure of the shops, in the hours when the malls are more deserts.
Even though the authorities have not received any formal complaint, surveillance has been increased in the Centre of the city by the increase of cases, said to the press the Mayor of Maracaibo, Rosales Eveling. The victims do not report aggression by the fear of reprisals and the feelings of frustration and anger that feel, as recorded by Notihoy.
A Hairdresser employed assured the magazine Panorama that the theft of hair “is a common practice”. The use of extensions has increased by 30%, according to the stylist Jhonatan Morales. The cost varies depending on your hair type, hue or the required amount up to 10,000 bolívares. “We particularly don’t buy you to street vendors because we don’t know your procedenci», he says.
Maracaibo is not the only place where there have been cases of theft of hair. In Colombia there are testimonies of these forced haircuts in the past years and also in Argentina or Brazil have reported similar cases.
“It is the high who are stealing the hair (…) I’ll always care that do not steal me my belongings, but now I hear that they can cut my hair,”says an indignant Venezuelan in Panorama.
Neither the Justice Department nor the Drug Enforcement Agency of United States (DEA for its acronym in English) said Tuesday the information disseminated by the newspaper The Wall Street Journalon research to six officials from the Government of Venezuela suspects of being involved in drug trafficking and money laundering. Either from the Bolivarian Republic there were grandiose reactions. A State of ‘THC Detox Help‘ which runs the risk of becoming a diplomatic earthquake and awaken the Venezuelan wrath, according to the daily, if inquiries culminate with the prosecution of the officers.
Prosecutors in Miami and New York together with a specialized unit of the DEA take more than two years collecting information on the participation of these senior officials in drug trafficking activities. A time in which Venezuela has established itself as one of the “routes preferred for the traffic of drugs from South America to the Caribbean, Central America, United States, West Africa and Europe region“, noted a report by the State Department on the strategy in 2015 international control drugs.
This document points out that the Bolivarian Republic was still “the main drug transit country” in 2014 and remembers the lack of cooperation of the Venezuelan in the fight against drug trafficking authorities. In recent years, Colombian traffickers appear to have moved its centre of operations to Venezuela, due to the pressure from the authorities in Colombia. The sources consulted by The Wall Street Journal are running that the country passed “131 tons of cocaine, nearly half of the amount that produces Colombia” in 2013.
This is not the first time that Venezuelan officials are in the crosshairs of the U.S. anti-drug units, that criticized the lack of cooperation from his counterpart Venezuelan despite the bilateral agreements signed to that end since 1978. In 2014, only participated in the interception of suspicious boats against the ten 2013 – under the bilateral maritime agreement between the two countries reached in 1991.
President Barack Obama was determined last year that “Venezuela had suspended their obligations for the agreements against drug trafficking demonstrably”, recalls the report of the State Department.
Critical chapters in U.S.-Venezuela relations on account of the fight against drug trafficking have been playing since 2008. That year, the U.S. Treasury Department included two senior members of the Government on the ‘black list’ of the assets Control Office abroad (OAFC) for his alleged involvement in drug-trafficking activities: the former Minister of Defense and current Governor of Trujillo, Henry Rangel; the Governor of Guarico, Ramón Emilio Rodríguez Chacín.An exercise that was repeated in 2011, when under the Kingpin Act – which allows OFAC Act on the drug – related financial networks were added the names of the major general Antonio Alcalá cords.
That same year, the United States formally accused the retired general Hugo Armando Carvajal, who led the Venezuelan intelligence until 2011, for alleged drug trafficking. According to the report of the anti-drug unit of the State Department, the arrest and release of Carvajal – which is again among those investigated by U.S. prosecutors and DEA – July 2014, frustrated ‘sweet stage’ who lived the two countries in the field of collaboration against drug trafficking. After this diplomatic incident, seizures were reduced.
They are the result of many years of experiences, that have created a set of General rules for accounting and Cloud Bookkeeper. Frequently these principles it is very gradual, widespread, acceptance of the approaches adopted by one or more companies in its accounting problems in new situations.
In the field of accounting does not exist so far, rules and general principles universally accepted as a principle of general acceptance does not possess the qualities of an absolute beginning of physiological character . There are principles that have contents opposed or at least development contradictory in practice. The reason that an accounting principle becomes generally accepted is not deductively derived from a few immutable principles, but that is due to that that principle comes to meet practical needs and been consecrated by the use and experience.
On the other hand, this work is carried out with the aim of further accounting knowledge on different subjects to develop within this context, among them we can find: procedures to perform bank reconciliations, differences between letters and promissory note, kinds of inventories and advantages and disadvantages of the methods of valuation of inventories.
So are each of the topics in detail, as well as practical example to display the management of each of the accounts and such are affected in every situation.
I hope that the information herein described complies fully with the proposed objectives .
The exercise of the public accounting Act was approved by the National Congress of Venezuela the day 04/09/73. A few days earlier, the 14/08/73, the national securities Commission approved standards for the preparation of States governed entities financial capital market law. I.e., two (02) organisms of higher hierarchy in terms of the enactment and the principles of the accounting control are still very young and it is for this reason that the Federation of Accountants public of Venezuela, in his bulletin of publications techniques, Nº 3, referring to the basic rules and principles of accounting of general acceptance, among other things says:
“The countries which, in our opinion, have been developed in written form a body of norms and principles, which reflect the practice applied in the American continent and which adhere to the basic postulates of accounting of the World Congress of inter-American conferences have been the United States and Mexico… We therefore believe that while our Guild will not issue express pronouncements on Accounting principles, based on deep and serious studies on the matter and consultations with economic entities in the country, we will be guided, by analogy, by accounting principles accepted in Mexico and published in the Bulletin of the Commission’s principles of accounting of the Instituto Mexican accountants , A.C. (IMCP).
… In cases in which there are no principles or particular rules, expressly mentioned by the Mexican Institute of public accountants, we will be guided by the pronouncements of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (American Institute of certified public accountants) and the Financial Accounting Standard Board (financial accounting standards Board).
After a meeting with representatives of the table of Democratic Unity (MUD) and corporate lawyer from Israel, the Spanish ex-President Felipe González said that is pending authorisation to visit political prisoner Leopoldo López.
He also said agree with all electoral needs raised by the Venezuelan opposition, while waiting for response from the national Government, after having requested a meeting.
“I never asked to be lawyer of Leopoldo López, it is only technical advice and is a right of Defense”, said as he assured that it will respect the decision of the TSJ regarding his participation in the case of the political prisoners.
The former President of the Spanish Government Felipe González met today with representatives of the opposition table of Democratic Unity (MUD), Efe informed the Executive Secretary of this political grouping, Jesús Torrealba.
“We will have a meeting of the former President González with the plenary of the Democratic Unity table, that is scheduled at 12.00 local time (1630 GMT)”, said the head of the Venezuelan opposition alliance, comprising the majority of opposition parties, prior to the appointment.
At the meeting “simply we will talk, we will provide information about the development of the political, economic and social crisis in the country with an emphasis on the issue of political prisoners and human rights,” said the spokesman without giving further details.
The meeting involves, in addition to Torrealba, representatives of the 28 political organizations that make up the MUD.
It is expected that, after the meeting with the opposition, Gonzalez hold a meeting with the Publisher and Venezuelan politician Teodoro Petkoff, EfE reported sources close to the journalist.
Gonzalez collected last May 6 in Madrid the journalism award Ortega y Gasset, granting the newspaper “El País”, on behalf of Petkoff, who could not attend to pick it up by having prohibited the departure of Venezuela following a complaint against him for defamation by the President of the Venezuelan National Assembly, Diosdado Cabello.
According to the same sources, the former Spanish President delivered probably tomorrow, Tuesday, the award to Venezuelan journalist.
Gonzalez arrived Sunday to Caracas with the intention of joining, as “external technical advisor”, the legal team which is responsible for defending opponents Leopoldo López and Antonio Ledezma.
The Spanish Socialist former leader, which at the moment has not offered details of his visit to the South American country, met yesterday with families and lawyers of both opponents to know the details of their causes.
In addition, he managed to visit for nearly half an hour to Ledezma, who is being held at his residence under house arrest after leaving the Ramo Verde military prison last April for health reasons.
Ledezma, accused of conspiring against the Government, preliminary hearing will be held, according to his wife, on June 9, while the next session of the trial that Lopez, for promoting violence in a protest, is scheduled for June 10, the same day on which it is intended that concluded the visit of Gonzalez.
The decision by Gonzalez to defend “ad honorem” these opponents was dismissed by the Venezuelan authorities, and after becoming public, the Spanish Uribe was declared person “non grata” by the Venezuelan Parliament.
The President of the Venezuelan justice Supreme Court (TSJ), Gladys Gutiérrez, reiterated yesterday that the former President of the Spanish Government not can join the defense of opposition prisoners, because he cannot exercise as a lawyer in Venezuela.
Spanish politician “may not exercise the right professional in a criminal case within the national territory, since they violate the lawyers law and the certification of professional degree that demands the Magna Carta to exercise that profession in our country”, said Gutierrez.
The filmmaker met with the president of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro , in the Miraflores Palace and told him about the project
US filmmaker Oliver Stone will shoot a movie 2k about the life of the late Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez , said the youtubeonfire
Stone, 67, was received Wednesday evening by President Nicolas Maduro , who spoke about the project. Also he gave him a copy of the documentary series “The Untold Story of the United States” very critical of some myths of their country.
The Venezuelan Minister of Communication and Information, Delcy Rodriguez confirmed on his Twitter that the director of “Platoon,” “JFK “and” Born on the 4th of July “arrived in the country to refine ideas about film Chavez, who died last March 5 because of cancer.
“Oliver Stone came to our country to make a film about the ‘giant’ Chavez” , the minister said in his Twitter account.
Stone, who in 2003 filmed the documentary “Comandante,” about Cuban leader Fidel Castro, had spoken with Chavez himself on a film project. Both worked together on another documentary, “South of the Border”, in which the winner of three Oscars interviewed several Latin American leaders.
The life of the former Mayor of Chacao Leopoldo López, who has been already a year deprived of their freedom, will be made into a film to Watch Movies Online Free.
The EFE agency associated with Movie Tube publish a documentary about the Venezuelan politician, will be done according to the representatives of the Institute Casla in Prague.
“In the next few days we will meet the film makers to give details of the case of Leopoldo López”, said Fredo Arias-King, President of the Center.
Pamela Yates and Paco de Onis, responsible for films such as “granite: How to Nail a Dictator” or “State of fear: the truth about terrorism”, could be responsible for the documentary.
The Centre of analytical studies of Latin America (Casla) is an advisor to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic Institute and is based in Prague. The journalist and Slovenian producer based in Berlin, Jaka Bizilj, who directs the Foundation “Cinema for Peace”, was this film idea.
This project is being presented at the Berlin Film Festival, which is being held at this moment in the German capital.
The leader of the people’s will is in the Ramo Verde military prison along with four other students arrested during protests in February of 2014. The Working Group of the United Nations, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and other human rights organizations have asked for his release on the grounds that it is politically motivated.
Freddy Guevara, Lopez and representative of people’s will party companion, poked jokingly who will interpret it to him.